Thought unrestrained by authority, tradition, or established belief, especially in matters of religion.
Ethical theory and practice that emphasizes human interests, values, and dignity by way of reason, scientific inquiry, and human fulfillment in the natural world and often rejects the importance of belief in God.
Preoccupation with or emphasis on material objects, comforts, and considerations, with a disinterest in or rejection of spiritual, intellectual, or cultural values.
A philosophy created by Ayn Rand that holds the validity of objective phenomena over subjective experience.
From Latin meaning belonging to reason. In philosophy, it’s a theory that holds that reason alone, unaided by experience, can arrive at basic truth regarding the world.
A skeptical attitude or doubt towards supernatural or unproven claims.